“The second message concerns the treaty between Mu`awiya and Hasan, and Dakhan refers to some governors of Mu`awiya, such as Ziyad in Iraq.” It was a great political success of Imam Al-Mujtaba (a.s.) that he obtained Muawiya`s approval to fully protect his sincere followers. It is the duty of a true guide to protect the lives and honor of his followers and followers or to sacrifice them for a noble cause. An army composed essentially of these people would split with each incident. Khawarij accompanied Imam al-Hasan (a.) to invent their fraudulent plans, but they fought for the purpose of corruption. There is no one who is more dangerous than the enemy who pretends to be friends. Such an enemy openly shows you friendship, but he fights in secret against you. The most dangerous enemy is the one who fights you with hatred, malice and tribalism. Imam al-Hasan (a.) replied to the person protesting against his peace agreement: “The Iraqi people will defeat anyone who trusts them because they do not agree between their thoughts and their demands. They are not decisive for better or for worse. We call for justice. Imam Hasan made peace with Mu`awiya, but the Muawiyah nation gave him the color of loyalty (Bayah) and they made this propaganda to the extent that some historians, while conceding it as a peace treaty, also gave him the touch of Bayah. Scholars have recorded the fact that peace has been made between the parties.

It is not necessary for them to recognize the legitimacy and right to domination of a person with whom you make peace, otherwise we must believe that the Prophet believed in the legitimacy of Makkan Kuffar when he made peace with them. In peacetime, Mu`awiya was not on the path of truth. The efforts to present this peace treaty as proof that Bayya was given and that Mu`awiya was right are extremely stupid on the part of Mu`awiya`s supporters. The main condition imposed by Hasan ibn Ali Muawiya for the handover of power was to be only man and keep them safe and secure. [11] Here is the excerpt from the treaty between Imam Hassan and Muawiya: “Dakhan refers to the peace agreement between Mu`awiya and Hasan” Some criticize the Shiites who say that Imam Hasan made peace with Mu`awiya (the first caliph of the Umayyads) and ended the conflict between them, and that he did not listen to his companions who instead wanted to involve him in the revolt. For them, this indicates that the policy of the Prophet`s family towards his companions was not at all a hostile policy, as the Shiites claim. In 661 n. After Ali`s assassination, Hasan ibn Ali attained the caliphate. There was a military conflict between Caliph Ali and Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan (see Battle of Siffin); And to avoid the torments of another civil war, Hasan signed the Hasan-Muawiya Treaty with Muawiyah. According to the treaty, Hasan ceded the caliphate to Muawiyah, but the latter could not appoint a successor during his reign; Instead, he should let the Islamic world choose his successor. [1] [2] [3] As we have discussed in this chapter muawiya`s evil attitude towards Imam Hassan (as), it is relevant to also highlight the relationship between Muawiya and Imam Hussain (as) as Nawasib to draw a happy picture in this regard…