With regard to federal law, 2 Cor 3:6-18 presents the two διαθ[omitted symbol]και as opposing orders. The old was an evangelical time that condemned, while the new is an evangelical time that justifies. The old was of the letter that killed, while the newness is of the Spirit who gives life, namely Christ. The old was ephemeral, while the new is permanent. Covenant contract in the Old East. Since 1931, much evidence has accumulated, showing that the contract of alliance was a widespread institution (see TC 13-106). The first texts of the 3rd millennium b.c. are in Sumerian and Akkadian times. However, since the 2nd millennium, the archives of Hattusa have made available more than 20 texts of hethic treatises (about 17-14th centuries before .c.). The Old Covenant was a shadow of newness (10:1), imperfect (9:7), and obsolete (8:13). On the other hand, the New Covenant is superior, κρειττων (7:22), promulgated on the basis of higher promises (8:6), without error (8:7), a new and living way (10:20). The Hebrews, unlike 2 Cor 3:6-18, speak of provisional and perfect covenants. In all cases of covenants between men, with the exception of Jer 34:10 and Da 9:27, is the professional expression of the closure of a Karath Berith alliance in which Karath originally meant “to cut”.

Everything indicates that this verb is used with regard to the formal ratification ceremony mentioned above to cut the animals into pieces. The dictionary definition of a pact in modern language is that of a formal or legal agreement established and sealed by a mutual agreement between two or more parties, in which each party undertakes under the agreed terms to share in the benefits of the agreement they have concluded. Covenants are a means by which two or more entities unite in a relationship for a specific purpose, an obligation of love and fidelity to the other party. Disposition: There are no provisions regarding this unconditional covenant of grace. God gives the promises and makes them through the work of His faithful Son Jesus. In the Old Testament, the word has an ordinary use when both parties are men, and a clearly religious use between God and men. Different phrases are used to establish a connection between God and men…